In its mildest form traumatic brain injury (TBI) mean a mild concussion. Complete recovery can be expected in a number of weeks in most cases.. Severe brain injury usually implies loss of consciousness or post traumatic amnesia of more than 1 day. Recovery is unlikely to be complete. Brain injuries can range from mild concussions to severe and completely disabling injuries.
SPINAL CORD INJURY
Spinal cord injuries (SCI) obviously have devastating consequences. If the spinal cord has been severed completely, all motor control of the body below the point of injury is lost. It is also possible to have an incomplete severance. In these cases, some control over the body below the point of injury is retained but there will still be loss of strength, co-ordination and mobility.
COMPLEX REGIONAL PAIN SYNDROME
Also known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) this is a potentially intensely painful injury featuring burning pain, swelling and hypersensitivity to touch.
CRPS is divided into two types. In type I cases, the symptoms develop despite the absence of an obvious nerve injury. In fact, what often appears to be a superficial soft tissue injury occasionally triggers intensely painful symptoms that can be totally disabling.
CHRONIC PAIN AND FIBROMYALGIA
What is chronic pain?
Clients who are able to return to work and their former recreational activities within a few weeks of being injured rarely develop chronic pain. Chronic pain has many different definitions, but generally refers to any ongoing pain that persists more than 6 months in the absence of objective signs of injury.
THORACIC OUTLET SYNDROME
Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) causes pain, numbness cold, and sometimes changes in colour to an arm.
The thoracic outlet is the space in the structure of the shoulder that allows veins, arteries and nerves to enter the arm. If the space becomes compressed due to injury the structures that run through the thoracic outlet may be affected as well. The most common form of TOS is neurogenic TOS. Numbness and tingling is common, usually but not always in the 4th and 5th fingers.